General English


Written by Rakesh Kumar



Prefixes: – In this section we will read about Prefixes in English and what are the examples of this in English, we will read in detail about all these.


In the previous post we have read in detail about Household Appliances”.


These are found in the English language modify words. They have transformative qualities that can shape a word in many different ways. Some of these  even have the power to completely subvert the meaning of the root word.


What is a Prefix?

A prefix consists of one or more letters placed at the beginning of a stem word. Prefix provide an easy way to create new words.

Adding prefix to words recognized by the literate public makes the spelling and meanings of new words easier to understand.

Once you understand common prefix you can logically and consistently use them to create a variety of new words.


Examples  with Meanings 


Definition of Prefix:

In English, a prefix is a letter/a group of letters attached to the beginning of a word to form a new word. In simple words, a prefix is a few letters put at the beginning of a word to change its meaning.


A prefix is a type of affix which is attached to the start of the root word. There are many different prefixes that are extremely common within the English language.


Examples of Prefix:

Negative Prefixes:-

Many different prefixes exist to negate completely or in part the base word. These prefixes along with some example words appear below.

No.-1. anti (anti-establishment, antidote, anticlimatic)

No.-2. contra (contraindicated, contradict)

No.-3. a or an (amoral, atheist, anemic)

No.-4. non (noncorporeal, nondescript, nonfiction)

No.-5. ir/il/in (irregular, illegal, infertile)

No.-6. un (unkept, unkempt, unamerican)


Common Prefixes:-

Several prefixes can be found through the English Language. Each prefix has its own meaning. Below are commonly used prefixes and example words.

No.-1. ex (ex, extend, exhale)

No.-2. extra (extracurricular, extra-fine,extramarital)

No.-3. homo (Homosapien, homogenous, homosexual)

No.-4. hetero (heterogenous, heterosexual, heterodoxy)

No.-5. mis (misdirect, misassociate, misunderstood)

No.-6. mid (midsummer, midnight, midway)

No.-7. micro (microcosm, microphone, microaggression)

No.-8. pre (preamble, prerequisite, prescreen)


Metric prefixes


No.-9. un (unicycle, universal, unilateral, unanimous)

No.-10. tri (triangle, tripod, tricycle)

No.-11.super (superfood, superstar, supernatural, superimpose)


Prefix Meanings: ex; out, extra; beyond, homo; same, hetero; different, mis; incorrect, mid; middle, mico; small, and pre; before.


Why Learn Prefixes:-

Learning prefixes and their meanings help students break down vocabulary words into smaller parts. By doing this, words become easier to digest and their meanings become clearer. Also, learning prefixes helps make learning new words easier.


List of Prefixes:-

No.-1. ante-

Meaning: Before

Examples: Antenatal, anteroom, antedate

No.-2. anti-

Meaning: Against, opposing

Examples: Antibiotic, antidepressant, antidote, antisocial


Meaning: Around

Examples: Circumstance, circumvent, circumnavigate

No.-4. co-

Meaning: With

Examples: Co-worker, co-pilot, co-operation


Si prefixes:-

No.-5. de-

Meaning: Off, down, away from

Examples: Devalue, defrost, derail, demotivate

No.-6. dis-

Meaning: Opposite of, not

Prefix examples: Disagree, disappear, disintegrate, disapprove

No.-7. em-, en-

Meaning: Cause to, put into

Examples: Embrace, encode, embed, enclose, engulf

No.-8. epi-

Meaning: Upon, close to, after

Examples: Epicentre, episcope, epidermis

No.-9. ex-

Meaning: Former, out of

Examples: Ex-president, ex-boyfriend, exterminate



What are prefixes


No.-10. extra-

Meaning: Beyond, more than

Prefix examples: Extracurricular, extraordinary, extra-terrestrial

No.-11. fore-

Meaning: Before

Examples: Forecast, forehead, foresee, foreword, foremost

No.-12. homo-

Meaning: Same

Examples: Homosexual, homonuclear, homoplastic

No.-13. hyper-

Meaning: Over, above

Examples: Hyperactive, hyperventilate

No.-14. il-, im-, in-, ir-

Meaning: Not

Prefix examples: Impossible, illegal, irresponsible, indefinite, in-

Meaning: Into

Examples: Insert, import, inside


Words with prefixes:-


Meaning: Beneath, below

Prefix examples: Infrastructure, infrared, infrasonic, infraspecific

No.-17. inter-, intra-

Meaning: Between

Examples: Interact, intermediate, intergalactic, intranet, interstellar

No.-18. macro-

Meaning: Large

Examples: Macroeconomics, macromolecule


Prefixes for chemistry:-

No.-19. micro-

Meaning: Small

Prefix examples: Microscope, microbiology, microfilm, microwave

No.-20. mid-

Meaning: Middle

Examples: Midfielder, midway, midsummer

No.-21. Prefix mis-

Meaning: Wrongly

Examples: Misinterpret, misfire, mistake, misunderstand

No.-22. mono-

Meaning: One, singular

Examples: Monotone, monobrow, monolithic


Chemistry prefixes:-

No.-23. non-

Meaning: Not, without

Examples: Nonsense, nonentity, nondescript

No.-24. omni-

Meaning: All, every

Examples: Omnibus, omnivore, omnipotent

No.-25. para-

Meaning: Beside

Examples: Parachute, paramedic, paradox

No.-26. post-

Meaning: After

Examples: Post-mortem, postpone, post-natal

Prefixes and suffixes


No.-27. pre-

Meaning: Before

Examples: Prefix, predetermine, pre-intermediate

No.-28. pro-

Meaning: Foward

Examples: Proceed, prowar, promote, propose, progress

No.-29.  re-

Meaning: Again

Examples: Return, rediscover, reiterate, reunite


Examples of prefixes:-

No.-30. semi-

Meaning: Half

Prefix examples: Semicircle, semi-final, semiconscious

No.-31. sub-

Meaning: Under

Examples: Submerge, submarine, sub-category, subtitle

No.-32. super-

Meaning: Above, over

Examples: Superfood, superstar, supernatural, superimpose


Prefixes chemistry:-

No.-33. therm-

Meaning: Heat

Examples: Thermometer, thermostat, thermodynamic

No.-34. trans-

Meaning: Across, beyond

Examples: Transport, transnational, transatlantic

No.-35. tri-

Meaning: Three

Examples: Triangle, tripod, tricycle

No.-36. un-

Meaning: Not

Examples: Unfinished, unfriendly, undone, unknown

No.-37. uni-

Meaning: One

Examples: Unicycle, universal, unilateral, unanimous










About the author

Rakesh Kumar